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Generally, high blood pressure is an unexpressed or mute condition. Nearly one-third of the people do not observe any symptoms of high blood pressure. High blood pressure may take years or decades to acquire severe or dangerous levels, and then high blood pressure symptoms become apparent. The best way to know whether you have high blood pressure or not is through regular checkups.
Some of the common high blood pressure symptoms are as follows:
- Severe headache
- Irregular heartbeat
- Vision problem
- Blood in urine
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chest pain
- Pounding (repeated and heavy striking) in the neck, chest, or ears
- Facial flushing
- Blood spots in eyes (subconjunctival hemorrhage)
- Trouble sleeping
According to the AHA (American Heart Association), people with high blood pressure acquire no symptoms at all. But if high blood pressure becomes a hypertensive crisis, a person may get a nosebleed and headache.
Diagnosis Of High Blood Pressure:
To diagnose high blood pressure symptoms, an instrument sphygmomanometer is used. Doctors bind an inflatable arm cuff around your arm to measure blood pressure. Generally, blood pressure should be calculated in both arms. Furthermore, doctors will inquire about your medical history.
High Blood Pressure Treatment:
By modifying your lifestyle, you can manage your high blood pressure. Doctors may suggest that you make lifestyle variations, including:
- Doing regular physical exercise
- Eating a healthy balanced diet with minimum salt
- Avoid alcohol and smoking
- Maintain a healthy body weight
Sometimes, variation in lifestyle can not aid you enough. Then doctors recommend medicines to lower your blood pressure.
Medications To Relieve High Blood Pressure Symptoms:
The prescribed medicines depend on your overall health and blood pressure measurements. The drugs used to control high blood pressure symptoms include:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors: these drugs relax your blood vessels by preventing the production of a natural chemical that constricts blood vessels.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs): theses drugs relax blood vessels by preventing the action, not the production, of a natural chemical that constricts the blood vessels.
- Diuretics: are also referred to as water pills. These drugs assist your kidneys in removing water and sodium from the body. These are the first medicines used to control high blood pressure symptoms.
- Calcium channel blockers: relax the muscle of the blood vessels. Some of them lessen the heartbeat. They may work better for people of African heritage and older than ACE inhibitors alone.
If you are experiencing high blood pressure symptoms, your doctor suggests the following confirmatory tests:
- Ambulatory monitoring
- Lab tests
Above mentioned tests are used to determine the underlying conditions that lead to high blood pressure.
Home Remedies to Treat High Blood Pressure:
Acute high blood pressure symptoms can be reduced by following home remedies:
- Lessen the fat: people with high blood pressure symptoms should suppress their intake of saturated fats.
- Intake of fruits and vegetables: patients should take fruits and vegetables such as:
- Pulses like chickpeas, beans, and lentils
- Non-tropical vegetable oil like olive oil
- Low-fat dairy products
- Whole grains, high-fiber food
- Fish rich in omega 3 twice per week
- Skinless poultry and fish
- Avoid Smoking and Alcohol: people with high blood pressure symptoms should prevent smoking and alcohol as it is a major factor that leads to high blood pressure.